If you feel like throbbing pain on the sides of your head and suffer from recurrent headaches with other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or hypersensitivity to light and sound, you may have migraine headaches. ..
Migraine is one of the most common headache disorders in the world. However, many suffer in silence without being diagnosed or treated.
But what is a migraine?according to United States National Library of Medicine“A type of headache that can occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and hypersensitivity to light and sound. For many, throbbing pain is felt on only one side of the head.
In this context, a neurologist Ama All SterlingThe Mayo Clinic headache and migraine experts in Phoenix, USA, referred to this subject and provided some suggestions for preventing and controlling headaches, especially migraine.
The expert explained: The most common headache disorder is migraine Affects more than 1 billion people worldwide: 1 in 5 women, 1 in 11 children and 1 in 16 men.
In fact, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) One of the most impaired illnesses in the world ..
Migraine is often confused with sinus pain
Sterling states that migraine headaches can vary depending on a person’s life stage.
“Infant colic is considered a variant of migraine. Abdominal migraine and cyclic vomiting syndrome are variants of migraine and occur frequently in children,” he said.
“Most traditional migraine attacks occur throughout adulthood, and migraine-related pain is reduced in older people, but migraine-related features such as light and sound sensitivity, nausea, vomiting, and aura are Probably more prominent, “he said.
However, despite advances in treatment and more preventive options, this condition has not yet been fully diagnosed and many are not treated for the same reason.
“When someone has a headache and makes it difficult for them to function, it’s probably a migraine. In addition, people often have a migraine when they actually have a migraine ( I think I have a sinus headache (due to sinusitis). ” The expert explained.
According to experts, migraine is a primary headache disorder. The latter means that it is the product of abnormal brain function. Unlike secondary headache disorders, migraine headaches may not be a symptom of an underlying disorder such as an infection or tumor.
Other major headache disorders are: Cluster headache The seizure lasts weeks to months and usually involves up to 3 hours of severe pain in or around the eye.And that Tension headache This is usually mild to moderate painful and chronic, “he commented.
Migraine Triggers and Other Headache Disorders
Primary headache disorders are often associated with activities such as coughing headaches, sexual headaches, and motor headaches.
They can also result from alcohol consumption, intake of certain foods such as processed meats containing nitrates, lack of sleep, poor posture, stress, and skipping meals.
“The trigger for migraine is very personal. What causes migraine in one patient may not occur in another.” Sterling commented.
How to avoid headaches in the most prone people
Diet is a factor that can help. “In general, I recommend avoiding both processed foods and whole grain products, as well as following anti-inflammatory diets such as Mediterranean diets containing fruits, vegetables, nuts and legumes. .fasting” The expert said.
“Recently, some data have emerged that recommend consuming more omega-3 fatty acids through fatty fish such as salmon, sardines, and mackerel,” he added.
However, Sterling said treatments are individualized for each patient.
“My advice is that you have a low threshold in that you go to the doctor and talk about it instead of waiting. For example, when a headache makes them dysfunctional, they Want to be dark, they also have stomach problems, treatment reduces seizures and frequency, “he assured.
“And there are many treatments that do not cause side effects. They must be individual so as not to cause a collateral effect,” he commented.