Criminology is an interdisciplinary and interdisciplinary science, and this brought me closer to understanding the level of violence in Salvadoran society. I remember in the first decade of this century, on a nightly prime-time television show, the host, a Chilean journalist based in our country, asked what and where he knew about the level of violence in El Salvador. I am. At that moment he wasn’t finished asking me yet and I knew full well that I didn’t have the exact answer and started wasting time, but after a few seconds I asked him I said I couldn’t and couldn’t give an accurate answer. I had proof and promised to call him the next day and get back to him. When I left the channel, that night I decided to study, research, and document myself on the topic. The next day, after reading through the night and into the early morning, I provided part of my response to a reporter.
He believed that using the techniques and methods of criminology he would find the answer around 1821, the year of the founding of the Republic, but even after lending some books to other scientific experts and reading them for several months, No evidence was found. Through consultations, interviews, and support from anthropology and criminal sociology teachers, I arrived at the age of Pipils and Lenkas. And you know, society is not that different from our society at the end of 2023.
From all this research I have come to several conclusions. Among them are what I define as anthropological characteristics of El Salvadoran society. Many of us live in small territories. Second, we are the only country in the world where more than 30% of the population makes up more than 30% of the population. Our people live outside of our lands, and thirdly, we privilege violence to resolve differences and conflicts.
Dispute mediation is an alternative method for resolving disputes and can be applied in various fields such as community, judicial, family, school, commercial, workplace, and business. This is a non-adversarial process in which a neutral third party (the mediator) assists the parties involved in reaching an agreement. Conflicts are inherent in society, and conflicts arise when there are differences in ideas, interests, etc. The important thing in such cases is to listen to the other person’s point of view and not to see differences as negative. If this conflict continues, it can affect the relationships and interests of the parties involved and requires a solution.
According to official data on the multi-platform social networks of the National Civil Police, 63% of all homicides in the first eight months of 2023 were recorded as falling under domestic and social violence. We follow and compile this data every day. We will no longer privilege violence to respond to situations of conflict and intolerance.
Our society needs to live without privileging violence. There, values such as respect, honesty, gratitude, humility, generosity, solidarity, and forgiveness are the building blocks of better human beings, and their persistent practice transforms us into more respectful human beings. It is. , to approach and reach a culture of peace.
Since October 2022, the Attorney General’s Office (PGR) has established a specialist mediation and mediation lawyer’s office to take a decisive and strong response to intolerance and deliver significant results and evidence. You can access facilities, websites, and social networks across the country to request support and assistance, train as a mediator, certify facilities, neighborhood boards, associations, and more. This is a great and disruptive initiative, and will have significant results in the prevention of murder and injury, as well as reducing costs to the state in the judicial process.
Don Nacho Castillo, after more than 20 years, I find myself constantly looking for and investigating violence in El Salvador. I will not abandon this effort for the benefit of the victims, but now with a better approach to possible solutions and professional technical methods. . Salvadorans and Salvadorans, let’s abandon our culture of revenge and sexism and love those closest to us.