According to the partial results of Sunday’s elections, the candidates of the united Bosniak opposition, Denis Bećirović and Željka Cvijanović from the ranks of the Serbs, should be elected to the presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
As reported by the correspondent of RTV Slovenia from the Balkans Boštjan Anžin, among all the candidates for the highest positions in the country, the new Bosniak member of the presidency, Bećirović, was the first to start looking forward. He was supported by 11 opposition Bosniak parties, and according to the unofficial results of the State Election Commission (CIK), published around midnight, he received 55.78 percent of the vote, while Izetbegović received 39.31.
“I didn’t make false promises during the campaign. I know what we can do and what we can’t do. It’s time for a positive turn in Bosnia and Herzegovina,” said Becirović and called for the Union to the countries grant candidate status as soon as possible. Many see his victory as a step from an ethnic to a civic concept of the country, Anžin also reported.
Leader of the largest Bosniak party, SDA Bakir Izetbegović suffered a big defeat in the match with Bećirović. After it was clear that he would obviously not be elected as a member of the BiH presidency, Izetbegović asserted that the party is not in decline, but on the rise. “How to expect victory over 11 united parties and some embassies is an open secret. If there were nine of them I would defeat them, 11 I could not,” said Izetbegović.
Željka Cvijanović she did not have a serious rival among the candidates for a member of the presidency from the ranks of the Serbian nation. She was said to have won with 51.65 percent of the vote, followed by her Mirko Šarović with 36.83 percent of the vote.
Who will be the Croatian member of the presidency?
In the fight for the Croatian seat in the presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, according to the first partial results of the Central Election Commission – these were based only on the counted votes from less than 40 percent of polling stations in Republika Srpska and less than 55 percent in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina – Borjana Krišto from HDZ BiH, which was supported by all Croatian parties, received 51.36 percent of the vote and thus defeated the current Croatian member of the presidency Željko Komšićwhich received 48.64 percent of the vote. “I can say that I feel like the winner of the Croatian nation. If the results had been different, Bosnia and Herzegovina could have been the biggest loser,” Borjana Krišta said, according to Anžina.
Komšić, who the Croats do not accept as their legitimate representative, was expecting a victory, this would be his fourth, and given the small share of the votes counted so far and the close result, it may still go to him in the end. The Central Election Commission is expected to announce the new partial results of the elections shortly.
According to the candidate of the largest Croatian party in BiH, Borjana Krišto, the Croatian nation showed its responsibility when it submitted the candidacy of one common candidate. “I want to say that what we have at the moment is that the results from all cantons with a Croatian majority show that the HDZ and the parties gathered around the HNS (Croatian National Assembly, coalition of Croatian parties) have a convincing victory. This is the victory of the Croatian nation in BiH,” she declared and announced that she is the only candidate of the Croatian nation.
The leader of the HDZ BiH, Dragan Čović, emphasized that without the Croatian nation and the Croatian National Assembly, it will not be possible to conduct politics in BiH. “BiH has only one path, and that is the Euro-Atlantic path. BiH must be organized according to the principle of all three constituent nations, and these nations must be represented by legitimate representatives,” he said.
Jelena Trivić to head Republika Srpska instead of Dodik?
The victory was also announced in the Serbian PDP party on Sunday. Their candidate Jelena Trivić namely, as they announced, she should become the president of Republika Srpska, since she received 51.2 percent of the votes. According to their opinion, this is how she should defeat the leader of the largest Serbian party SNSD and the current Serbian member of the BiH presidency Milorad Dodik, who ran for president of the Republika Srpska in this election. She announced that the Republika Srpska will follow the national policy of Serbia. “We will follow the national policy of Belgrade and we will never do what Dodik did with Zoran Milanović, the president of Croatia, with whom he invaded Serbia directly. Our task is to strengthen the Republika Srpska economically and in every other aspect, and economically in terms of making it de facto independent in this complex political structure called Bosnia and Herzegovina,” she announced.
But Dodik insists that this is not the case and that he is the new president of Republika Srpska and that his SNSD has achieved the “maximum result”, media in the region report. “I am proud that I was a candidate and that I am now confirmed as the president of Republika Srbska. I will do everything to ensure that Republika Srbska remains stable and conducts an independent policy,” Dodik said, as reported by Anžin for Radio Slovenija.
According to the data on its website, the CEC does not yet have an answer to who is the winner of the battle for the president of the Serbian entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
This year’s elections were held according to the old electoral law, which has been the cause of tension in the country for many years.
Schmidt’s surprise on election day
High representative of the international community in Bosnia and Herzegovina Christian Schmidt announced on Sunday shortly after the polls closed that it had adopted changes to the electoral law, including the selection of members of the House of Nations of the Federation Parliament.
In a public letter addressed to the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Schmidt emphasized that he had taken decisions that would ensure that their vote would be taken into account and that their democratic will would be respected. Among other things, he explained that he simplified many procedures and introduced mechanisms for unblocking and strict deadlines, which will ensure the functioning of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. “With today’s decisions, no party or anyone who is elected will be able to hold the entity Federation of BIH hostage. I expect joint efforts and constructive cooperation,” he said.
Around 3.36 million eligible voters chose three members of the BiH presidency, members of the lower house of the BiH parliament, the lower house of the Bosniak-Croat Federation of BiH parliament, the Republika Srpska parliament, the president and two vice-presidents of the latter, and members of the assemblies. ten cantons of the federation.
The elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina were monitored by around 60,000 observers, including almost 4,000 international observers. They recorded several incidents, irregularities and an attempt at major electoral fraud. The Coalition for Free and Fair Elections Under the Scrutiny has announced that it has identified 65 serious violations of the BiH Election Law.
The deadline for publishing the final and official results is 30 days from the election day. After the announcement of the official results, the second phase of the election process will follow, in which representatives to the House of Nations of the Parliament of BiH and the Federation of BiH, as well as the president and two vice-presidents of this entity will be indirectly selected.