Immigrants from Cuba line up to board a bus that takes them to U.S. Customs and Border Protection during processing. / AFP
The United States has agreed with Mexico to legally admit 30,000 immigrants per month from Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua and Venezuela, in exchange for stepping up the deportation of those who attempt to cross the border without the required paperwork. increase.
US President Joe Biden demanded in his White House speech yesterday, “Don’t come to the border” without first initiating legal proceedings.
In recent years, thousands of people have fled Latin America from Caribbean countries “ruled by oppressive dictators, including Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela, to escape gang violence with the same impact in Haiti.” rice field.
Most of the migrants arriving at the border in recent times have come from these countries, facing a “broken system that doesn’t work as it should” due to lack of personnel and immigration officers, said Democrats. the president said.
Officials have invoked health rules known as Title 42 that have suspended millions of people since 2020 as part of the anti-corona protocol launched by Biden’s predecessor, Republican Donald Trump. , blocking visa-free entry and expelling almost all immigrants immediately.
The Democratic government wants to lift Title 42, but is awaiting Supreme Court ruling. In the meantime, he will use the “tools” available to him, Biden said.
Some tools align with Mexico, where tens of thousands of immigrants are waiting to enter the United States, as many have achieved over the years.
In effect, the policy is an extension of measures put forward in October for 24,000 Venezuelans, who will be allowed to enter the country on formal request, which will require a sponsor, and who will be sent by plane. It was a condition that it was a move of
The government currently accepts up to 30,000 migrants each month from Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua and Venezuela, but tightens border restrictions for many others, including those nationals.
At a press conference, National Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorcas said the measures would be implemented immediately.
“Venezuelas, Nicaraguans, Cubans and Haitians who try to cross the border without permission will be deported immediately to Mexico, which will accept the return of 30,000 per month,” or “to their country of origin,” he explained. .
But “taking up to 30,000 people a month from these four countries” allows them to work in the United States for two years.
To be part of the quota, applicants must refrain from crossing the U.S., Mexico, or Panama borders as of today and must “stay where they are” and apply from there.