Germany is trying to convince more foreign workers to join the labor market. New research suggests the country is losing its appeal in international comparisons.
germany is less and less attractive For the best foreign talent, according to a new study from the Bertelsmann Foundation OECDThis will surely worry Olaf Scholz’s government, which is looking to acquire more skilled foreign workers to fill the gap in the labor market.
of “Indices for Attracting Human Resources” Germany fell from 12th place in 2019 to 15th place this year, among the 38 countries in the bloc, according to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) figures released the day before.
the study categorized people into four groups Germany is one of the top 10 destinations the government wants to attract, including highly skilled professionals, entrepreneurs, start-up founders and international students. It turned out to be only one student.
persuade people to stay
Germany increasingly desperate to stay inside As many foreign skilled workers as possible Imminent demographic change will leave millions of job openings in the next decade. The last generation of baby boomers, who make up the majority of today’s workforce, retire in 2035 .
According to calculations by the Institute for Employment (IAB), part of the German Federal Employment Agency, the country needs a net balance of: 400,000 immigrants arrive each year To fill a gap in the labor market. According to the latest forecast from the German Statistical Office, net annual immigration is 290,000 and remains unchanged. 3.6 million jobs .
But persuading people to come to Germany Just a Part of the Solution says Paul Becker, a minor social scientist at the Berlin Institute. “For the skilled labor strategy to be successful, it is important not only to ensure more immigration, but also to reduce the number of skilled workers who migrate again and instead stay in Germany with their families,” he said in February. wrote in a study published in
reason to quit
Based on a survey of 1,885 people who left Germany and 38 lengthy interviews, research by the Institute for Applied Economics (IAW) found that a complex set of factors influence why people leave. . Due to residence permit, inability to find a suitable job, inability to bring a family, high cost of living, personal problems .
The most common reason is very simple. legal issues related to residence Bernhard Boockmann, author of the IAW study, explained, “Most likely, these are residency permits for training or work, which will only expire and not be extended.”
Another factor many expats mention when considering why not to bet on Germany definitively is: is the language There are many job openings in English, especially in big cities like Berlin, but the German bureaucracy for foreigners stick stubbornly in German it doesn’t make things easier for them.
What can government do?
experts believe that they can and should We will take concrete steps.
“The Federal Employment Agency (BA) has no specific action on how it should advise people considering relocating,” warns Buchmann. “For example, if someone loses their job, we believe BA should conduct a specific investigation.”
Mr. Becker believes that family is an important factor and that work goes far beyond employment policy. You have to ask yourself, ‘Can we be sure?'” he explained. “Can they easily get an apartment? Can they find a school or daycare? Will they have the opportunity to learn the language?”
It is argued by social scientists that “Lots of small screws” We have to change that to create a better social framework.